After sending away the inspection team of Shenyang Machine Tool Group, Huang Jianguo finally breathed a sigh of relief. After a week of inspection and acceptance, the inspection team officially agreed to open the 9th 4S store of Shenyang Machine Tool Group in Hangzhou Xiaoshan. However, another thing Huang Jianguo could not easily get up. The backorder delivery date on hand was already scheduled for June. He also got Shenyang to run and run, and he hoped to reply to the daily reminder call.

In the same way as Huang Jianguo, there are many machine tool manufacturers in the province, such as Hangzhou Machine Tool Group, Zhejiang Kaida Machine Tool Group, and Jiaxing Deloma CNC Machine Tool Manufacturing Co., Ltd., and the large increase in orders this year has made it impossible for these companies to deliver machine tools in time. The farthest to wait until December this year.

The sale of outdated CNC machine tools reflects the positive actions of Zhejiang manufacturing enterprises to improve their industrial transformation and upgrading by relying on upgrading their technical equipment to cope with the “labor shortage”. In the long run, the “labor shortage” will become an opportunity for Zhejiang to develop from a manufacturing province to a strong province.

CNC machine tool sold out
Huang Jianguo is the owner of Hangzhou Guosheng Electromechanical Equipment Co., Ltd. During his financial tsunami three years ago, his company was once faced with difficulties. At that time, the warehouse had accumulated nearly 30 million yuan of equipment. With the introduction of the country's 4 trillion investment plan, he slowed down. In 2009, he digested the inventory, and the sales reached 100 million yuan; the sales in 2010 were 180 million yuan. Faced with more and more orders, Huang Jianguo believes that the spring of the machine tool industry is coming. It is easy to invest more than 3 million yuan at the end of last year to open a 4S shop in Shenyang, and he will complete sales of 300 million yuan this year.

Pu Jiawei, chairman of Jiaxing Dromama CNC Machine Tool Manufacturing Co., Ltd. said that the number of CNC machine tools purchased by local bearings and auto parts companies in Jiaxing has increased significantly this year. His company has received more than 300 orders for economical CNC machine tools. August this year.

Zhang Huixiang, secretary general of the Yuhuan Machine Tool Industry Association, said that in 2008, several machine tool companies in Yuhuan closed due to insufficient orders. In 2009, they returned to their previous normal levels. In 2010, demand increased by 50%. This year, more than 50 companies in the industry. The horsepower still can't meet the market demand. "Yuhuan CNC machine tools have alleviated the shortage of labor for local automobile and motorcycle parts and water-cooled valve enterprises. As a result, they have encountered a shortage of labor."

The China Machine Tool Business Network, headquartered in Hangzhou, also witnessed the explosive growth of demand in the machine tool industry. In 2008, a total of 18,805 machine tool procurement requirements were released, and in 2009, it was 15,502. In 2010, it surged to nearly 30,000. The first two of this year Procurement information released in the month nearly doubled year-on-year.

Improve equipment to meet labor shortage
The sale of CNC machine tools is behind the emergence of a large number of procurement needs in Zhejiang manufacturing enterprises, and the driving force for the purchase of enterprises is the increasingly severe labor shortage in recent years.

Jiashan Tongda Sealing Industry Co., Ltd. is an old factory with more than 10 years of experience. It has been using manual machine tools and its annual output value is about 5 million yuan. In the last four or five years, after the Spring Festival, about 10% of the workers will not come back. The boss Zhang Genliang will raise his salary from 60 yuan to 120 yuan per day, but he still cannot recruit people. Last year, he listened to his friend's suggestion to buy two CNC machine tools and tasted the sweetness.

Zhang Genliang said that in the past, a worker could only operate one manual machine tool and produce 100 products a day. The manual machine tool relies on the experience of the workers with the cooperation of the hand and eye. This line has always adopted the training mode of the master with the apprentice. This brings up two problems. First, the apprenticeship training period is often more than one year, during which a large number of defective products are produced. Second, the skilled masters are often excavated by other factories with high salaries. Less than a month after the introduction of CNC machine tools, the benefits are reflected. This kind of equipment does not require the workers to have experience. After the processing drawings are input into the computer generation program, the workers can operate the machine as long as they switch the machine. More importantly, the efficiency of a single CNC machine tool in the same time is twice that of a manual machine. A worker can operate two devices at the same time. At the same time, the machining accuracy is greatly improved.

In 2010, Zhang Genliang's factory realized an output value of 8 million yuan, becoming a leading company in the local seal industry. He first ordered three sets of equipment this year, and the annual output value is expected to exceed 15 million yuan.

Zhejiang Shuangfei Oilless Bearing Co., Ltd. is a leading enterprise in Zhejiang Province. The problem of recruiting workers based on local workers is not outstanding. However, the rapid growth of orders in recent years has forced the company to increase its production capacity. The company began digital transformation in 2007, and basically completed the transformation in 2009. CNC machine tools became the main equipment of the production line.

According to Ms. Jin, the company's management department, the transformation of the production line has increased from one machine to three devices in the past, and the output of single equipment has doubled. In other words, the efficiency of a single worker has increased by a factor of five. Not only that, the processing precision after digital transformation has reached the requirements of foreign buyers. In the past two years, half of the products have been exported to more than 20 countries and regions such as Germany, Italy, Japan, and the United States, and sales have increased from less than 200 million yuan. By 2010, 400 million yuan, "If you use old equipment to produce, to achieve the 2010 output value of the company must at least double the existing workers, CNC machine tools help us solve this problem."

Transformation and upgrading are at the time
Zhejiang manufacturing enterprises rely on upgrading technical equipment to cope with the shortage of labor. This is not only the situation, but also the strategic need for Zhejiang's economic transformation and upgrading. According to the data provided by the Technology and Information Department of the Zhejiang Provincial Economic and Information Commission, in 2010, the state invested a total of 200 million yuan in technical support for Zhejiang's technological transformation, and the special fund for the first set of equipment independently developed by the Zhejiang Province for equipment manufacturing industry was 20 million yuan. The special fund for enterprise transformation and upgrading is 50 million yuan, and all local cities and towns also have relevant supporting funds. All these efforts are aimed at improving the level of Zhejiang's equipment manufacturing industry. First, it eases the employment shortage of enterprises, and on the other hand, it is the strategic goal of promoting Zhejiang's economic transformation and upgrading.

Lan Jianping, director of the Zhejiang Industrial Economic Research Institute, which has long studied Zhejiang manufacturing industry, said that the current labor shortage is more prominent in low-end labor-intensive industries, and these industries generally show “three lows and three highs”, that is, low technology. Low product added value, low competitiveness, high land dependence, high labor dependency, and high energy consumption. Such industries have not met the requirements of the new industrialization path proposed by the 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China with high technological content, good economic returns, low resource consumption, less environmental pollution, and full utilization of human resources. Therefore, it is necessary to transform and upgrade. The waste provides a good opportunity.

He used Leqing low-voltage electrical appliances as an example. From the 1990s to the beginning of this century, it was the heyday of Yueqing low-voltage electrical appliances, but with the development of other places, the Yueqing advantage gradually disappeared. Later, Yueqing transferred its analog equipment to digital equipment and low-voltage electrical appliances to high-voltage electrical appliances. The local product design institute was established to carry out independent innovation. Yueqing Electric was upgraded from a block economy to an industrial cluster, reviving its vitality.

Professor Liu Erzhen from the School of Labor and Human Resources of Renmin University of China said in an interview with this reporter that from the international experience, the labor shortage in coastal developed areas represented by Zhejiang and Guangdong is a prelude to industrial transformation and upgrading. For example, in the 1960s, Japan experienced this phenomenon. At that time, Japan's agricultural labor force accounted for about 50% of the total labor force. The shortage of industrial workers made Japan's manufacturing industry rely on the growth model of cheap labor to come to an end. To this end, Japan has adopted measures to promote the expansion of equipment investment, promote technological progress and industrial restructuring.

Liu Erzhen believes that China's past development relies mainly on investment, and cheap labor has become one of the main factors driving economic development. However, with the arrival of the “Lewis Turning Point”, this model has come to an end. The new model should be replaced by technology and capital. Labor eventually entered the post-industrial era, just as the United States and Japan used to. This is a gradual process. It is just at the beginning of the replacement of labor. If anyone can take the lead in this opportunity, it is possible to complete the economic transformation goal first.
 

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